The UAL Creative Attributes framework provides a structure to support students and graduates to develop the wide-ranging qualities, experience and behaviours that prepare them for future employability. The UAL Creative Mindsets project has been developed to build the attribute: Resilience – the willingness to adapt and remain motivated, overcome obstacles, and deal with ambiguity, uncertainty, and rejection.
Creative Mindsets aims to build a growth mindset; the belief that ability can be developed through effort and by embracing challenge and this is underpinned by one of the world’s leading researchers in the fields of motivation and mindsets at Stanford University, psychologist Professor Carol Dweck. Her research demonstrates that implicit theories of intelligence can influence success, performance, resilience, effort and academic attainment.
Entity theory is the belief that human attributes are fixed, they can’t be changed. Like eye colour – this position may reinforce notions of innate intelligence or ‘being born with it’. On the other hand, incremental theory is the belief that human attributes are malleable and can be developed with practice and effort. Dweck refers to these theories as a fixed mindset and a growth mindset. A fixed mindset, or entity theorists, are more likely to set goals that they can achieve as the main motivation is to outperform others, to achieve a higher grade for example. Failure, risk and challenge tend to be avoided as effort is thought to demonstrate a lack of ability and this can result in task avoidance, blame or ‘helplessness’. Those with a growth mindset, or incremental theorists, are more likely to embrace learning and to see success as a process in which challenge is embraced. Dweck explains in her research that a growth mindset encourages a mastery-orientated approach and when failure is an inevitable component of the journey, effort can be increased (Dweck, 2000; 2007).
Below are links to further articles and resources to find out more.
- Read this article Understanding Dweck’s Mindset Theory by Arif Mahmud, Project Officer – University of Portsmouth
- Read this article Mindset and the Shared Narrative by E Okobi, MSc Applied Psychology in Fashion student at the London College of Fashion, University of the Arts London (UAL) to explore the meaning of the term ‘decolonise the curriculum’ and connect practices of play and improvisation to how mindset theory can be embodied by students.
- Read this article Opportunity over obstacles: the role of mindsets and student mental health by Catherine McConnell, Aidan Davis, and Michelle Butler from the University of Brighton
- Read this article Improving feedback through an understanding of Growth Mindsets by Arif Mahmud, Project Officer – University of Portsmouth
In her TED talk, Dweck introduces the power of ‘Yet’…